Probiotics are the subject of much attention and research in the field of human microbiome. In this article, we will discuss what probiotics are and how they work to benefit human health.
What are probiotics?
Probiotics are live microorganisms that promote a healthy balance of bacteria in the gut. They are found in certain foods and dietary supplements. These microorganisms are bacteria that are similar to those found in the human gut. They are considered “good” or “friendly” bacteria because they help keep the gut healthy.
How do probiotics work?
Probiotics work in several ways to promote gut health. They can help to restore a healthy balance of bacteria in the gut, which can be disrupted by factors such as antibiotics, a poor diet, or a disease. This can lead to a range of digestive symptoms, such as bloating, constipation, and diarrhea.
Probiotics also help to strengthen the gut barrier. The gut lining is an important part of the immune system that protects the body from harmful substances. When the gut lining is compromised, harmful substances such as toxins and bacteria can pass through and cause inflammation. Probiotics can help to improve the integrity of the gut lining, reducing inflammation and promoting overall health.
Types of probiotics
There are many different types of probiotics, each with its unique benefits. The most commonly used types of probiotics include Lactobacillus and Bifidobacterium. These two types of probiotics have been extensively researched and are considered safe for most people.
Other types of probiotics include Streptococcus thermophilus, Saccharomyces boulardii, and various strains of Escherichia coli. Each of these probiotics has specific benefits, such as improving lactose digestion, reducing inflammation in the gut, or boosting the immune system.
Probiotics are live microorganisms that are beneficial to human health. They work by promoting a healthy balance of bacteria in the gut and improving the integrity of the gut lining. There are many different types of probiotics, each with its unique benefits. Consuming probiotics through food or supplements can be an easy and effective way to improve gut health.